Thanksgiving and Praise: 1:1-9.
Paul begins the epistle with standard greeting. He joins Silas and Timothy to convey the blessing of grace and peace from God and Lord Jesus Christ. Paul and his fellow workers thank God that the Thessalonians have continued growing in love for each other and remain steadfast in faith despite severe persecution (1:3-4). Paul praises them for their patient endurance of persecution for the kingdom of God. Christ warned that in the world Christians will be persecuted but be of good courage because he has overcome the world (John 16:33). We may doubt God’s promises when trials and affliction come but they show that we belong to Christ (1:5; Phil 1:29). Christ will be gloried in them. They will receive rest and glory when the Lord Jesus appears from heaven. God will repay those who trouble them with eternal destruction when Christ returns with mighty angels in flaming fire (1:9). They will be eternally separated from the Lord. Their deeds will be revealed before everyone and spend eternity in the lake of fire (Rev 20:11-15). They suffer unending torment with Devil in hell (Mat 25:41). There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth in hell. They have no hope of salvation and spend eternity in regret, agony and despair. Paul reminds the Thessalonians that God will ensure that justice is served in the end. Those who believe Christ have much to gain and those who do not have everything to lose. As Jesus promised, he will return to be worshiped. God will set everything right in the end.
Christ will be worshiped: 1: 10-12.
When Christ returns, he will be glorified in his saints (1:10). Christ will be marveled among all who have believed. Paul prays that God will make them worthy of the life to which they are called. Only God can accomplish this in the lives of believers. The result of Paul’s answered prayer will be that God will be glorified in the believers by their good works. Paul reminds the Thessalonians that God will ensure that justice will be served in the end. Today in many countries Christians are suffering injustice and persecution. Let us pray for those who are persecuted for their faith in Christ. Pray for the salvation of those who persecute them (Matt 5:44). God is faithful to preserve those who trust Christ for their salvation (1 Thess 5:24).