Christ Is Superior To Angels. 1:4-14
Christ is Superior to Angels:1:4-14.
Read: Heb 1:4-14.
Jesus is superior to angels by the name he inherited. He has a more excellent name than angels. His name is above every name and at his name every knee shall bow (Phil 2:9). In the first century Hebrew Christians gave great importance to angels because of their role in the giving of the Law (Acts 7:53; Gal 3:19; Heb 2:2). Some even taught that Jesus was more than a man, chief among the angels but not God. Angels were important to Jewish mind and they are worshiped by many (Col 2:18). The writer shows that in six ways Christ is superior to angels (1:4-14). From eternity, Christ is the Son of God and the Creator of all things. (Col 1:16). Angels are the heavenly host created to serve as messengers and they are the ministering spirits. In Hebrews all quotations concerning Christ come from the Old Testament. This shows that Old Testament is a Christ centered book. The major theme of this portion is Christ's royal position. He is is the divine Son who sits at the right hand of God.
He is superior to angels who worship Him. His throne lasts forever and his rule is righteous (1:8, 9).
1. Christ is superior to angels by His name (Heb 1:4, 5). Christ inherited a more excellent name than angels (1:4, 5). "Thou art my Son”. This is a quotation from Psalm 2:7. There is a duel focus in this verse. Originally it referred to King David but it is ultimately fulfilled in Christ (2 Sam 7:14). Jesus is not the Son of God by creation or by adoption. But by nature He is the Son of God. He is eternally the son of God (Mark 1:11; Luke 9:35; John 17:5). Angels are called sons of God collectively but never called Son individually (Job 1:6). Christ has a unique relationship with the Father (John 20:17). The prophecy of Psalm 2:7 was fulfilled in the resurrection of Christ (Act 13:32, 33). It was a reference to His position at the throne of God after He purged our sin once for all. Jesus is declared to be the Son of God because He is the eternal Son of God (Rom 1:4). His name is above every name and at His name every knee will bow and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is the Lord to the glory of God the Father (Phil 2:9, 10). Those who love Jesus submit to His rule. So He is superior to angels.
2. Christ is superior to angels because they worship Him ( Heb 1:6). This verse indicates the superiority of the Christ, because the angels are commanded to worship Him. At His incarnation message the angels sang “glory to God in the highest (Luke 2:14). Hebrews 1:6 is a quotation from Psalms 97:7. This seems like a reference to Solomon but his throne was not forever. But Christ will reign over Israel forever and His kingdom will never end (Luke 1:32). To Mary, Christ was the first born (Luke 2:7). He is the first born among many brethren (Romans 8:29). This is a reference Christ's supreme position and our conformation to His image. He is the first born from the dead. It is a reference to Christ's resurrection from the dead (Rev 1:5). The universal acknowledgement of His Lordship and worship will take place at His second coming.
3. Angels are also ministering spirits (Heb 1:7). This is a quotation from Psalm 104:4. Angels are the messengers but Jesus is the message. They are created beings, Christ is the creator. Scholars suggest that the word spirit can be translated wind. Angels ministered in His temptation (Matthew 4:11). Angel appeared to strengthen Jesus in His passion in the garden (Luke 22:43). As servants, angels are inferior to Christ who created them.
4. Christ is superior because He is enthroned forever (Heb 1:8, 9). This is a quotation from Psalm 45:6, 7. It is a wedding Psalm for someone in the dynasty of King David. But it is ultimate fulfilled in Christ Jesus. Only His kingdom is the righteous kingdom that last forever. Here Christ is referred to as God (Greek-Theos). To the Son, God the Father says “Your throne O God is forever and ever". This is an undeniable proof of the deity of Christ. Those who deny this emphatic statement about the deity of Christ, have an issue with God and the Bible. Also His throne is forever. This speaks of the eternal majesty of the Son of God. He has been anointed with the oil of gladness. This speaks of His kingship. Jesus having completed the work of redemption is enthroned in glory and anointed with the oil of gladness (Psalm 110:1). Jesus is indeed God and he is worthy of our worship.
5. Christ is superior to angels because He is the Creator ( Heb 1:10-12). These verses are quoted from Psalm 102:25-27. They indicate the creative power of Christ. Angels are created beings. Christ is the eternal creator. Everything is exposed to decay and will perish. But He will last forever. Jesus is the same yesterday; today and forever (13:8). Those who believe in Christ will have eternal life and will be with Him forever. Yes, the one whom we worship never changes. How good to know that we worship the never changing and all powerful God. Blessed be His Name!
6. Christ is superior to Angel because He is sovereign (Heb 1:13-14). This is a quotation from Psalm 110:1. Angels are only servants. Christ sits at the right hand of the throne of majesty. During His incarnation He was not sitting there. After He completed the work of redemption, He sat at the right hand of God making intercession for us (Rom 8:34). No angel can make this claim. On the cross Christ conquered Satan. "I make your enemies your footstool" is a reference to an ancient custom of victorious kings placing their feet on the neck of the defeated kings (Joshua 10:24). This is also the picture of the ultimate reign of Christ soon going to take place (Rev 11:15). This is the beginning of the end. This is the hope of the world. Jesus alone is the Savior. Angels are ministering spirits, sent to serve those who are saved (1:14). He will never leave us nor forsake us. Do you know Him? He is indeed superior to angels!!