The World is guilty before God and in need of Righteousness.
The Jews are under condemnation and in need of righteousness: 2:17-29. Then what advantage of being a Jew? (3:1). Jews are known by three names. “Hebrew” is the racial name. “Israel” is the national name. “Jew” is the religious name. They are descendants of Abraham and of Moses, who received the law from God (John 8:33). They boast in the God and in their law. They claimed that the law gives them complete knowledge of truth. Since they knew the right from wrong, they are guide to those who are spiritually blind. They looked down on Gentiles. Jews were proud to preach morality but their lives did not back up their message. They dishonored God among the Gentiles by breaking the law. Here Paul quotes Isaiah 52:5, to confirm his argument. God was not pleased with their lineage and He wanted them to obey Him. . Jews were boasting about their circumcision and thought that it would save them. Circumcision is a sign of Israel’s covenant relationship with God and it is of value if they obey the law (Gen 17:9-14). They did not realize that physical birth cannot make them righteous. Paul concludes that outward rites are worthless apart from inward reality of spiritual birth.
The Privileges of being a Jew: 3:1-9. Jews are a chosen nation of God. Circumcision is the sign of Israel’s covenant relationship with God. They were entrusted with the oracles of God (Rom 3:3). This oracle was concerning their Messiah and it is the greatest gift from God. It was divinely inspired of God. But when Christ came they did not believe Him. Thus they are condemned by the oracle they have received from God. In spite of man’s unfaithfulness God remains faithful to His Word. God and his word are entirely true, faithful and righteous Human arguments cannot save them from condemnation. Are Jews better than Gentiles? No,not at all. The whole world fails to live up to the moral standards of God and are under sin and in need of righteousness.
The Whole World is Under Condemnation: 3:10-20. Paul now concludes that the whole world is in need of God’s righteousness. The heathens, moral man and Jews are under the power of sin. That is the formal charge against the world. Paul paints the world under sin and concludes that there is none righteous, no, not one. Man is sinful in conduct, in character and in conversation. His body, mind, heart and will are sinful. From the Old Testament Paul presents fourteen indictments against the whole world (Rom 3:10-18; Psa 14, 53). There is none that understands God. The natural man is spiritually dead and incapable of spiritual understanding (1 Cor 2:14). No one seeks for God because man is sinful. Deep down men know that they are sinful and guilty but have no ability to overcome sin. Someone said “Man seeking God is like a mouse seeking the cat”. Paul concludes that when the evidence against man is presented there will be no defense. Every mouth will be stopped at the judgment seat of God. The whole world stands guilty before God (Rom 3:19). Through the law comes only the knowledge of sin (Rom 3:20). Because of pride, we are often reluctant to admit our sin to God and others.