The tabernacle has two rooms. They are the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. The holy place is the outer room of the tabernacle. It is also called “the first tabernacle” (Heb 9:6). It contained three pieces of furniture. The Table of Show Bread, Golden Lamp-stand, and the Golden Altar of Incense. Only priests were allowed to enter the Holy place to do the priestly service. It is a place of fellowship and worship. It is a type of the heavenly places into which believers have been brought to enjoy the spiritual blessings in Christ (Ephesians 1:3).
Physical description of the Table of Show Bread:
Exodus 25:23-30; Leviticus 24:5-8.
The table was 3 feet in length, 1.5 feet wide and 2.25 feet in height. It was made of acacia wood and overlaid with pure gold. Opposite to the lamp stand the the Table of the Show Bread was placed. It had a boarder with golden crown around it on the top. The table had four golden rings on the four legs and two poles made of acacia wood overlaid with gold were there to carry the table. On the Table lay twelve loaves of unleavened bread, exactly the same as the number of tribes in Israel. They were replaced on every Sabbath and became the food for the priests in the holy place. Plates and dishes were made with pure gold for the use at the table. The Table of Show Bread speaks of Christ who protects and provides for his people. He is the living bread that came from heaven (John 6:51). Christ is the only Savior who can satisfy our spiritual hunger.
Table was made of acacia wood overlaid with gold. This is the picture of Christ in His glorified state. This tree grew in the desert. Isaiah wrote about Jesus that “He grew as a root out of a dry ground" (53:2). Jesus grew in favor with God and men. He also grew physically, spiritually and socially as a man (Luke 2:52). Some suggest that acacia tree was decay proof and its sap was used for medicinal purposes. Our Lord’s body never experienced corruption (Psalm 16:10). Only His blood can heal a sin-sick soul (Isaiah 53:5). He is declared to be the Son of God with power by resurrection from the dead (Rom 1:4). The wooden table was overlaid with pure gold. This speaks of the glorious nature of Christ who ever lives to make intercession for us (Heb 7:25). The believers are accepted in Christ. What a glorious Savior!
Around the table there was a golden boarder with crown. This was to prevent the loaves from falling or sliding off the table. Christ is crowned with glory and honor (Heb 2:7). Crown speaks of His power and authority. Christ has been all in authority in heaven and on earth (Matt 28:18). He has power over nature, demon and nations. Jesus sent his disciples to all nations with this power to make disciples. Believers are preserved by power of God (1 Pet 1:5). He has a firm grip on us (John 10:27-29). No one can snatch believers from Jesus' hand or from the Father's hand. Christ is able to keep us from falling and to present us blameless before God with exceeding joy (Jude 24, 25). Were it not God, we would be falling from grace every moments in life. Jesus lights our way and keeps us from falling away. Praise the Lord!
The purpose of the table was to hold and preserve the 12 loaves. Though there are 12 loaves of bread no loaf ever could fall from the table. Though believers are different in many ways, they are kept together by the all knowing and all powerful Savior. He sees them together. They are brethren and there is a unity of Spirit among them (John 17:9-11). They are accepted in the beloved. Because Christ carries them and they belong to God. So they should love each other. God knows His own (2 Tim 2:19). The unleavened bread was replaced every Sabbath day. The old bread was for the priests to eat in the holy place (Leviticus 24:9). Jesus is the living bread and if anyone eats this bread, he will live forever (John 6:35). This speaks of believing and feeding on the Word of Christ (John 6:64). Only those who study the Word of God will grow spiritually. The 12 loaves represent the 12 tribes of Israel. It is a picture believer’s position in Christ. Christ ever lives to make intercession for us as our advocate with the Father (1 John 2:1).
The Spiritual Lessons of Bread: