The psalms are the spiritual songs sung by the people of Israel in their public worship and private meditation. They were accompanied with stringed instrument when they were sung in the temple. The Psalms are their devotional praise and worship songs. Every Psalm contains praise to God. In the Old Testament it is a sin not to praise God. There are declarative and descriptive Psalms. The declarative Psalms praise God for what he does and the descriptive Psalms praise God for who he is. Scholars suggest that the Psalms mean praise. They are praise songs sung with the accompaniment of musical instruments. The Psalms are the inspired responses of human hearts to God’s revelation. They are the collection of praise, worship and prayer. This is the most beloved and read book in the Bible. There is no better study than the study of the book of Psalms. The Psalms includes diverse topics such as joy, blessedness, war, peace, worship, wisdom, judgment Messianic prophecy and lament. They are originated from the knowledge of God’s sovereignty and goodness. They consider what God has done in the past, able to do in the present and in the future. Someone has said “A Psalm a day keeps worry away”. Psalms have become the source of joy, peace consolation, comfort, inspiration and courage to millions of Christians throughout the history. The early Church discovered the book of Psalms to be the spiritual heritage because they gave them strength and hope in times of distress. The study of Psalms would help us to see life from God’s perspective. The meditation of psalms had been a source of blessing in my Christian life.
The 150 Psalms are authored by many known and unknown Bible Characters. Seventy three Psalms are authored by King David. Asaph the choir director of David’s time authored twelve Psalms. Twelve Psalms are assigned to sons of Korah, two to Solomon and one to Moses. The writing of Psalms covers a period from 1490 B.C, days of Moses to 444 B.C, days of Ezra. Scholars have divided the 150 Psalms into to five books representing the first five books of the Bible. Psalms 1-41, represent Genesis and they are personal and deal with the fall of man and his restoration. The second book covers Psalms 42-72 and represents Exodus and deal with deliverance and devotional in nature. The third book covers Psalms 73-89 and represents Leviticus and deals with sanctuary and worship. The fourth book covers Psalms 90-106 and represents Numbers and deals spiritual and earthly blessings. The fifth book covers Psalms 107-150 and represents Deuteronomy and shows the importance of the Word of God and prophetical in nature. In these divisions we see the analogy, content and blessings of God’s dealing with his people. May God open our eyes to see the wondrous truths about God from his Word! I pray that this devotional study on Psalms would motivate us in our pilgrim journey to love and serve Christ.