Fellowship Enables to Overcomes the world: 5:1-5.
Everyone who believes that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is born of God. Biblical faith is not an intellectual assent of some biblical facts but the total commitment to Jesus Christ. True believers love God and fellow believers. They do not feel it burdensome because they are characterized by the desire to obey God. Jesus told His disciples “If you love me, you will keep my commandments” (John 14:23). Right belief, love for other believers and obedience will go together (5:1-3). Everyone born of God will overcome the world through faith in Christ. This is the saving faith that believes that Jesus is the Son of God. Only Christ enables believers to overcome the world (5:5). Believers are constantly facing the enticement from the world, the Satan and the flesh. The lust of the flesh, the lust of eyes and the pride of life are real (1 John 2:16). It is easy for us to yield to these temptations and hard to keep our minds pure. Satan will do whatever its takes to lure us away from God. We are no match for Satan. When we face temptation, Christ is our strength (2 Cor 12:9). He is able to keep us from the wicked one (James 4:7). The divine nature we received enables us stand against the lure of Satan (1 John 5:18; Luke 22: 31, 31; 1 Cor 10:13). The victory that overcomes the world is our faith in Christ.
Jesus is the Son of God: 5: 6-10.
The Spirit, water and blood bear witness that Jesus is the Son of God. False teachers taught that Jesus was merely a man on whom “the Christ had come on at His baptism and left him before crucifixion”. Scholars suggest that the water is a reference to Christ’s baptism and the blood is a common symbol of His death. At His baptism we see Father’s attestation of His Son and the descending of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus (Matt 3:13-17). "This is My beloved Son , in whom I am well pleased". When Jesus died on the Cross, Roman centurion testified of Jesus that “ Truly this was the Son of God” (Matt 27:54). By His resurrection the Father confirmed Jesus as the Son of God (Rom 1:4). The Spirit bears witness in the believer’s heart that we are the children of God (Rom 15:15-16). Scripture teaches that by the witnesses of two or three, a matter can be settled (Deuteronomy 19:15). Rejecting the witness of God makes Him a liar.
Assurance of Eternal Life: 5:11-13.
The message of the letter is that God has given us eternal life and this life is in His Son. Eternal salvation is not gained by human effort but is granted to those who trust in Christ. Whoever has the Son has life and he who does not have the Son of God does not have eternal life. John wrote the gospel so that we may believe that Jesus is the Christ and be saved (John 20:21). But John wrote the epistle so that those who genuinely believe might have full assurance of their salvation (5:13). This confident assurance in eternal life should be manifested in their daily life. Their lives should be characterized by righteousness and love for God the brethren. They overcome the world through faith in Christ (1 John 3:9; 3:14; 5:4). No one born of God habitually practices sin (1 John 3:9). They will turn away from false gods.
Fellowship gives Assurance of Answered Prayer: 5:14-17.
Believers who remain in fellowship have the confidence that God would answer their prayers. God is our heavenly Father. Our confidence in the Lord produces a life of prayer that is according to his will (5:14-15). The scriptures reveal God’s will. We should study the Bible to know God's will. There is a sin that leads to death and we should not pray for that (5:1:16). Bible teachers differ on the interpretation of this verse. Some think, John is talking about the sin against the Holy Spirit. Keeping the context in mind we can conclude that this is the sin of apostasy. Apostate is the one who heard the gospel and made the profession of faith in Christ but never truly saved. They had known the facts of the Bible but they willfully deny the deity of Christ and the sufficiency of his atoning death. Apostate chose to live in sin, claiming that they are saved by grace. God's grace is not a licence to live a sinful life. People who had sinned willfully died because of their sin in the Old Testament (Leviticus 10:1-7). When a believer does not confess and forsake his sin, he will be disciplined by God (Heb 12:1-13). If he continues to live in sin he may die a premature death (Act 5:1-11; 1 Cor 11:30). Our God is a holy God and He will not allow His name to be disgraced. We are saved by the grace to live a holy and blameless life. To whom much is given, much shall be required.
John concludes that whoever is born of God does not practice sin because he has a divine nature. He is kept by the divine power of God through faith (1 Pet 1:5; Jude 24, 25; John 10: 28). We have no power within us to protect us from the devil. But as we keep ourselves in the love of God and meditate on His word, we will have victory over sin (Psalms 119:11). False teachers are under the control of the evil one and their lives are characterized by sin. Believers know that they are born of God and have a personal relationship with Christ. The purpose of writing this epistle was to give assurance of eternal life to believers. Christ came to reveal the true God. God the Father can only be known through Jesus Christ (John 1:14, 18). Jesus Christ is the true God and He is the source of eternal life. The whole world is influenced by the evil one. Christians do not need to live in fear because Christ is on their side. Believers must be on guard against false teachers. May God bless my readers. Amen.