Romans Chapter 3
The World is guilty before God and in need of Righteousness.
The Jews are under condemnation and in need of righteousness: (Romans 2:17-29)
Paul turns his focus on Jews and their advantages of being a Jew? (Rom 3:1). Jews are known by three names. “Hebrew” is the racial name. “Israel” is the national name. “Jew” is the religious name. They are descendants of Abraham and received the Law from God through Moses. They boast in their heritage and in their law. They claimed that the law gives them complete knowledge of truth. Since they know right from wrong, they are supposed to be a guide to those who are spiritually blind. They are supposed to be instructors of the ignorant and teachers of children. They looked down on Gentiles. Jews were proud to preach morality but their lives did not back up their message. They dishonored God among the Gentiles by breaking the law. Here Paul quotes Isaiah 52:5. God was not pleased with their lineage and displeased with their disobedience. Jews were boasting about their circumcision and thought that it would save them. Circumcision is a sign of Israel’s covenant relationship with God (Genesis 17:9-14). It has no value if they don't obey the law. They did not realize that rituals and ethnicity cannot save them. Paul concludes that outward rites are worthless apart from the inward reality of spiritual birth.
The Privileges of being a Jew: (Romans 3:1-9)
Jews are a chosen nation of God. Circumcision is the sign of Israel’s covenant relationship with God. They were entrusted with the oracles of God (Romans 3:2). The Old Testament is one of God's greatest gifts to Israel. This oracle was concerning their Messiah, Jesus Christ (John 5:39). It was divinely inspired by God. But when Christ came they did not receive Him. Thus they are condemned by the oracle they have received from God. In spite of their unfaithfulness, God remains faithful to His Word. God and his Word are entirely true. God is faithful and righteous. Human arguments cannot save them from condemnation. Are Jews better than Gentiles? Of course not. The whole world fails to live up to the moral standards of God, and are under sin and in need of salvation. The whole world needs to hear the good news that God is reconciling sinners to himself through the Lord Jesus Christ.
The Whole World is Under Condemnation: (Romans 3:10-20)
Paul now concludes that the whole world is in need of God’s righteousness. The heathens, moral man and Jews are under the power of sin. That is the formal charge against the world. The whole world is under sin and there is none righteous, no, not one. Man is sinful in conduct, in character and in attitude. His body, mind, heart and will are sinful. From the Old Testament Paul presents fourteen indictments against the world (Romans 3:10-18). There is none that understands God and no one is seeking God. The natural man is spiritually dead and incapable of spiritual understanding (1 Corinthians 2:14). Deep down people know that they are sinful and guilty of sin. They have no ability to overcome sin. Paul concludes that when the evidence against man is presented, they will have no excuses and defense. Every mouth will be stopped at the judgment seat of God. The whole world stands guilty before God (Romans 3:19). Through the law comes only the knowledge of sin (Romans 3:20). Because of pride, we are often reluctant to admit our sin to God and others. The more we know the Scriptures, the clearer it becomes that we are sinners. Ask God to give you the humility to admit your sins and believe in Christ.